The application of cancer chronotherapy is to treat cancers based on at specific times during circadian rhythms. Previous studies have characterized the impact of circadian clock on tumorigenesis and specific immune cells. Here, by using multi-omics computation techniques, we systematically characterized the distinct roles of core circadian clock genes in thoracic cancers including lung adenocarcinoma, lung squamous cell carcinoma, and esophageal carcinoma. Strikingly, a wide range of core clock genes are epigenetically altered in lung adenocarcinomas and lung squamous cell carcinomas but not esophageal carcinomas. Further cancer hallmark analysis reveals that several core clock genes highly correlate with apoptosis and cell cycle such as RORA and PER2. Interestingly, our results reveal that CD4 and CD8 T cells are correlated with core clock molecules especially in lung adenocarcinomas and lung squamous cell carcinomas, indicating that chrono-immunotherapy may serve as a candidate option for future cancer management.