Research Paper Volume 11, Issue 24 pp 12202—12212
Cerebrospinal fluid and blood Aβ levels in Down syndrome patients with and without dementia: a meta-analysis study
- 1 Center on Translational Neuroscience, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081, China
Received: October 10, 2019 Accepted: November 20, 2019 Published: December 20, 2019https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.102560
How to Cite
Copyright © 2019 Du et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Abnormal β-amyloid (Aβ) levels were found in patients with Down syndrome (DS). However, Aβ levels in patients with DS and DS with dementia (DSD) vary considerably across studies. Therefore, we performed a systematic literature review and quantitatively summarized the clinical Aβ data on the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood of patients with DS and those with DSD using a meta-analytical technique. We performed a systematic search of the PubMed and Web of Science and identified 27 studies for inclusion in the meta-analysis. Random-effects meta-analysis indicated that the levels of blood Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42 were significantly elevated in patients with DS compared with those in healthy control (HC) subjects. In contrast, there were no significant differences between patients with DS and those with DSD in the blood Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42 levels. The CSF Aβ1-42 levels were significantly decreased in patients with DS compared to those in HC subjects. Further, CSF Aβ1-42 levels were significantly decreased in patients with DSD compared to those with DS, with a large effect size. Taken together, our results demonstrated that blood Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42 levels were significantly increased in patients with DS while CSF Aβ1-42, but not Aβ1-40 levels were significantly decreased in patients with DS.