This study compared the surgical outcomes of the 120-W Thulium laser (Vela™ XL) enucleation of the prostate and bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) in terms of efficacy, safety, and improvements of quality of life (QoL) in patients with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). Records were obtained from January 2014 to September 2018 for selected patients with symptomatic BPH who underwent 120-W Thulium laser (Vela™XL) prostate enucleation and bipolar TURP in our institution. All the patients selected met the surgical criteria for TURP and had received medical treatment for at least 3 months. Patients were excluded if their ECOG performance status was >1, if they had active malignant disease, of if they had a history of prostate surgery or reconstruction surgery of the urinary system. Patients decided which treatment option would be performed. Both the procedures were conducted by a single surgeon. Clinical outcomes such as changes in the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) score, urodynamic parameters, drug consumption, pain scores, and QoL were evaluated. The rate of urinary tract infection, recatheterization, additional analgesic requirement, return to the emergency department for treatment, and other surgical complications was analyzed and compared between the two cohorts. A total of 276 patients met the inclusion criteria. Among them, 141 patients received bipolar TURP, where as 135 decided to receive laser vaporesection. No significant difference was observed in age, PSA level, prostate volume, and comorbidities between the two cohorts. Pre-operative (pre-op) urodynamic parameters were also identical, except that the laser surgery group had a higher rate of admission with a urinary catheter (24.4% vs. 14.2%, p=0.044). The operating time was longer in the laser surgery group (79.3 minutes vs. 62.4 minutes, p<0.001). However, enucleation using the Thulium laser was superior to bipolar TURP in terms of post-operative (post-op) pain status, including the numeric rating scale of pain, rate of additional narcotic use, and oral analgesic requirement. Compared with bipolar TURP, laser enucleation achieved a higher improvement in the QoL score at post-op follow-up at 2 weeks and 3 months. Nevertheless, the complication rate, changes in IPSS score, Qmax, and post-op medication-free survival were statistically identical in the two cohorts. Our data revealed that compared with bipolar TURP, 120-W Thulium laser (Vela™ XL) enucleation of the prostate achieved lower post-op pain and higher improvement in the short-term QoL of patients after surgery.