Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a common acute nervous system disease with high mortality and severe disability. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been reported to promote neurogenesis and to alleviate side effects in areas of brain injury areas. The Hippo pathway regulates diverse cellular processes, including cell survival, proliferation, differentiation, and organ size. Here, we found that transplantation of bone marrow MSCs (BM-MSCs) into the brains of mice could alleviate ICH-mediated injury and protect astrocytes from apoptosis by regulating mammalian sterile 20-like kinase (MST)1 and Yes-associated protein (YAP). Knocking down of MST1 by si-RNA triggered YAP nuclear translocation. We further demonstrated that astrocytes undergo astroglial-mesenchymal phenotype switching and become capable of proliferating after BM-MSC transplantation via the Hippo signaling pathway. Together, our identification of the Hippo pathway in mediating the beneficial effects of BM-MSCs may provide a novel therapeutic target in the treatment and management of ICH.