Sirt1 facilitates the reprogramming of mouse somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). It is regulated by micro-RNA and reported to be a target of miR-135a. However, their relationship and roles on cellular reprogramming remain unknown. In this study, we found negative correlations between miR-135a and Sirt1 during mouse embryonic stem cells differentiation and mouse embryonic fibroblasts reprogramming. We further found that the reprogramming efficiency was reduced by the overexpression of miR-135a precursor but induced by the miR-135a inhibitor. Co-immunoprecipitation followed by mass spectrometry identified 21 SIRT1 interacting proteins including KU70 and WRN, which were highly enriched for DNA damage repair. In accordance, Sirt1 activator resveratrol reduced DNA damage during the reprogramming process. Wrn was regulated by miR-135a and resveratrol partly rescued the impaired reprogramming efficiency induced by Wrn knockdown. This study showed Sirt1, being partly regulated by miR-135a, bound proteins involved in DNA damage repair and enhanced the iPSCs production.