Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 12 pp 11754—11767
miR-107 inhibition upregulates CAB39 and activates AMPK-Nrf2 signaling to protect osteoblasts from dexamethasone-induced oxidative injury and cytotoxicity
- 1 Department of Orthopedics, The Affiliated Huaian No.1 People’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Huaian, China
Received: December 27, 2019 Accepted: May 18, 2020 Published: June 11, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103341
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Copyright © 2020 Zhuang et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
To human osteoblasts dexamethasone (DEX) treatment induces significant oxidative injury and cytotoxicity. Inhibition of CAB39 (calcium binding protein 39)-targeting microRNA can induce CAB39 upregulation, activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling and offering osteoblast cytoprotection. Here we identified a novel CAB39-targeting miRNA: the microRNA-107 (miR-107). RNA-Pull down assay results demonstrated that the biotinylated-miR-107 directly binds to CAB39 mRNA in OB-6 human osteoblastic cells. Forced overexpression of miR-107, by infection of pre-miR-107 lentivirus or transfection of wild-type miR-107 mimic, largely inhibited CAB39 expression in OB-6 cells and primary human osteoblasts. Contrarily, miR-107 inhibition, by antagomiR-107, increased its expression, resulting in AMPK cascade activation. AntagomiR-107 largely attenuated DEX-induced cell death and apoptosis in OB-6 cells and human osteoblasts. Importantly, osteoblast cytoprotection by antagomiR-107 was abolished with AMPK in-activation by AMPKα1 dominant negative mutation, silencing or knockout. Further studies demonstrated that antagomiR-107 activated AMPK downstream Nrf2 cascade to inhibit DEX-induced oxidative injury. Conversely, Nrf2 knockout almost abolished antagomiR-107-induced osteoblast cytoprotection against DEX. Collectively, miR-107 inhibition induced CAB39 upregulation and activated AMPK-Nrf2 signaling to protect osteoblasts from DEX-induced oxidative injury and cytotoxicity.