Objective: To evaluate achievement of comprehensive controls among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in different age groups.

Results: The elderly patients had higher control rates for BMI (44.36%), TC (50.83%) and LDL-C (48.27%) than those aged 60-80 years and younger patients (all P <0.05). Multiple logistic regression revealed that elderly patients were more likely to achieve control targets for HbA1c (odd ratio (OR) = 2.19), TC (OR = 1.32), HDL-C (OR = 1.35), and TG (OR = 1.74) than younger patients. This effect was stronger in males (ORHbA1c = 2.27; ORTC = 1.41; ORHDL-C = 1.51; ORTG = 1.80). By contrast, elderly females were only more likely to achieve HbA1c < 7.0% (OR=1.88).

Conclusions: Our findings suggest that comprehensive control strategies still should be strengthened.

Methods: A total of 3126 T2DM patients were included, and detected blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), postprandial plasma glucose (PPG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides (TG), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). We divided patients into three age groups (<60, 60-80 and ≥ 80 years), to assess the differences in achieving the control targets.