Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 12 pp 12160—12174
ROCK1 knockdown inhibits non-small-cell lung cancer progression by activating the LATS2-JNK signaling pathway
- 1 Department of Cardiology, Tianjin First Central Hospital, Tianjing 300192, P.R. China
Received: October 22, 2019 Accepted: May 1, 2020 Published: June 17, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103386
How to Cite
Copyright © 2020 Xin et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Rho-associated kinase 1 (ROCK1) regulates tumor metastasis by maintaining cellular cytoskeleton homeostasis. However, the precise role of ROCK1 in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) apoptosis remains largely unknown. In this study, we examined the function of ROCK1 in NSCLS survival using RNA interference-mediated knockdown. Our results showed that ROCK1 knockdown reduced A549 lung cancer cell viability in vitro. It also inhibited A549 cell migration and proliferation. Transfection of ROCK1 siRNA was associated with increased expression of large tumor suppressor kinase 2 (LATS2) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). Moreover, ROCK1 knockdown-induced A549 cell apoptosis and inhibition of proliferation were suppressed by LATS2 knockdown or JNK inactivation, suggesting that ROCK1 deficiency triggers NSCLC apoptosis in a LATS2-JNK pathway-dependent manner. Functional analysis further demonstrated that ROCK1 knockdown dysregulated mitochondrial dynamics and inhibited mitochondrial biogenesis. This effect too was reversed by LATS2 knockdown or JNK inactivation. We have thus identified a potential pathway by which ROCK1 downregulation triggers apoptosis in NSCLC by inducing LATS2-JNK-dependent mitochondrial damage.