Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a major complication of diabetes in the elderly population. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential mechanism of DFU at the molecular level and explore a feasible therapy for it. Using data from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, we found that phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is differentially expressed between diabetic patients and those without diabetes. We also found that PTEN expression is regulated by glucose stimulation. In addition, decreased function of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was found to be associated with reduction of PTEN. We identified microRNA-152-3p (miR-152-3p) to be a putative upstream negative regulator of PTEN, and in vivo and in vitro results indicated that miR-152-3p antagonist could restore HUVEC function and accelerate wound repair. Thus, miR-152-3p-induced downregulation of PTEN appears responsible for the delayed wound healing in DFU, and miR-152-3p inhibition may effectively accelerate wound repair, thereby providing a potential target for DFU therapy.