COVID-19 Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 16 pp 15938—15945
Clinical characteristics of chronic liver disease with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a cohort study in Wuhan, China
- 1 Department of Gastroenterology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou, China
- 2 Department of Endocrinology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou, China
- 3 Department of Pulmonary Diseases and Tuberculosis, Jin Yin-Tan Hospital, Wuhan, China
- 4 Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou, China
- 5 Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou, China
- 6 Department of Neurology, The Affiliated Southeast Hospital of Xiamen University, Zhangzhou, China
- 7 Department of Emergency Management, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou, China
- 8 Department of Surgical, The Fujian Pinghe County People's Hospital, Zhangzhou, China
Received: May 6, 2020 Accepted: June 22, 2020 Published: August 28, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103632
How to Cite
Copyright © 2020 Li et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) 3.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Previous work has described acute liver injury (ALI) in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia patients, However, there is limited analyses available investigating chronic liver disease (CLD) in COVID-19 patients. This study aimed to investigate clinical characteristics and outcomes of CLD confirmed in COVID-19 patients.
Results: A total of 104 cases (each group containing 52 patients) were analyzed in this study. The CLD group showed an average of 14 (10.0~21.2) length of stay (LOS) days, compared to the group without CLD that only showed an average of 12.5 (10~16) LOS days (Relative Risk [RR] = 1.34, 95% CI (1.22~1.48), P<0.001; Adjusted Relative Risk was 1.24 (95% CI: 1.12~1.39)). The CLD group contained a higher mortality rate and slight liver injury. Furthermore, COX regression model analyses suggested that the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was an independent predictor of mortality risk (P < 0.001) in the CLD group. Additionally, a high NLR significantly correlated with a shorter overall survival (P <0.001).
Conclusions: COVID-19 patients also diagnosed with CLD suffered longer LOS, slight liver injuries and a higher mortality when compared to COVID-19 patients without CLD. The NLR was an independent risk factor for in-hospital deaths. Increased expression of NLR was an indicator of poor prognosis in COVID-19 patients with CLD. Thus, COVID-19 patients diagnosed with CLD and who show a higher NLR need additional care.
Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed at the Wuhan Jin Yin-tan Hospital from February 2, 2020 to April 2, 2020. COVID-19 patients diagnosed with CLD or not diagnosed with CLD were enrolled in this study. The clinical characteristics and outcomes of these patients were compared.