Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 16 pp 16304—16325
SP1-induced HOXD-AS1 promotes malignant progression of cholangiocarcinoma by regulating miR-520c-3p/MYCN
- 1 Department of General Surgery, The 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, Heilongjiang, China
Received: April 21, 2020 Accepted: June 22, 2020 Published: August 28, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103660
How to Cite
Copyright © 2020 Li et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) 3.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The purpose of this article is to explore the function and mechanism of HOXD-AS1 in cholangiocarcinoma. TCGA, StarBase and JASPAR were applied to predict the differential expression and molecular mechanism. The qRT-PCR was conducted to detect molecular expression. The effect of HOXD-AS1 on tumor proliferation, metastasis and stemness was measured through corresponding experiments. ChIP, luciferase reporter and RIP assays were implemented to explore the regulatory mechanism of HOXD-AS1 in CCA. In this study, HOXD-AS1 expression was significantly upregulated in CCA tissues and cells compared with control groups, respectively. Increased HOXD-AS1 was markedly correlated with lymph node invasion, advanced TNM stage and poor survival of CCA patients. Moreover, HOXD-AS1 was confirmed to be an unfavorable independent prognostic factor for CCA patients. Functionally, gain- and loss-of-function experiments demonstrated that HOXD-AS1 facilitated tumor proliferation, migration, invasion, EMT, stemness and drug resistance in vitro and in vivo. For the mechanism, transcription factor SP1-induced HOXD-AS1 upregulated oncogene MYCN through competitively binding to miR-520c-3p. Furthermore, HOXD-AS1-induced malignant phenotypes were rescued by interfering miR-520c-3p and MYCN, respectively. SP1/HOXD-AS1/miR-520c-3p/MYCN plays a vital role in initiation and progression of CCA, and HOXD-AS1 is expected to be an efficient biomarker and therapeutic target.