Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 1 pp 228—240
Downregulation of miR-155-5p enhances the anti-tumor effect of cetuximab on triple-negative breast cancer cells via inducing cell apoptosis and pyroptosis
- 1 State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering and Shanghai Key Laboratory of New Drug Design, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, P.R. China
- 2 Department of Breast, Longhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of TCM, Shanghai 200032, P.R. China
Received: March 14, 2020 Accepted: June 19, 2020 Published: January 5, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103669
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2020 Xu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Cetuximab resistance is the main obstacle for the treatment of EGFR overexpression cancer, including triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). MicroRNA (miRNA)-155-5p is upregulated in TNBC cells; thus, the present study explored whether the downregulation of miR-155-5p enhanced the anti-tumor effect of cetuximab in TNBC cells. MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 cells were infected with lentivirus-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) for 72 h to obtain EGFR-overexpressed cell lines (MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468). The inhibitory effects of cetuximab on the proliferation and migration of EGFR-overexpressed MDA-MB-468 cells were enhanced following transfection with the miR-155-5p antagomir, and miR-155-5p knockdown enhanced the pro-apoptotic effect of cetuximab on EGFR-overexpressed MDA-MB-468 cells. Further, the luciferase reporter assay revealed that gasdermin E (GSDME) was the direct binding target of miR-155-5p. The combination of cetuximab with the miR-155-5p antagomir promoted pyroptosis in EGFR-overexpressed MDA-MB-468 cells via the upregulation of GSDME-N and cleaved caspase-1. Results from the in vivo experiments confirmed that the downregulation of miR-155-5p enhanced the anti-tumor effect of cetuximab in an MDA-MB-468 xenograft model and on EGFR-overexpressed TNBC cells via inducing cell apoptosis and pyroptosis. Therefore, cetuximab combination with an miR-155-5p antagomir may be a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of TNBC.