Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 18 pp 18588—18602
Lipopolysaccharide upregulates miR-132/212 in Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis, facilitating pyroptosis by activating NLRP3 inflammasome via targeting Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1)
- 1 Department of Neonatal Surgery, Children’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China
- 2 Department of Pediatrics, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China
- 3 Department of Pediatrics, Women’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital, Nanjing, China
Received: May 11, 2020 Accepted: June 22, 2020 Published: September 20, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103852
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2020 Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a congenital disorder attributed to the failure of the neural crest derivatives migrating and/or differentiating along the hindgut. The most frequent complication in Hirschsprung disease patients is Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis (HAEC). However, its pathogenesis has not been fully understood. This study investigated miRNAs influenced by Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in postoperative HAEC patients, their effect on enterocolitis and the underlying mechanism. MiR-132 and miR-212 were up-regulated in HAEC dilated tissues and LPS-treated mice enteritis samples. LPS-stimulated HT29 cells showed a high expression of miR-132 and miR-212. QRT-PCR analysis, western blotting, luciferase reporter assay, and flow cytometric analysis were carried out in vitro, showing that miR-132 and miR-212 could directly inhibit Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) expression. Consequently, SIRT1 deficiency in LPS-stimulated HT29 cell line and LPS-treated mice activated NLRP3 inflammasome and Caspase-1-mediated pyroptosis. Furthermore, the above inflammation activation was reversed by miR-132/212 inhibitor or SIRT1 overexpression plasmid transfection.
In conclusion, LPS upregulated miR-132 and miR-212 expression in HAEC, suppressing SIRT1 and facilitating NLRP3 inflammasome activation, which induced pyroptosis. Our findings illustrated the role of LPS/miR-132/-212/SIRT1/NLRP3 regulatory network in the occurrence and progression of HAEC and proposed a new molecular pathway for LPS-mediated cell pyroptosis.