This study aimed to explore effects of Sevoflurane on ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). To explore potential molecular mechanism, Ras related dexamethasone induced 1 (RASD1), a Protein kinase A (PKA) activator, frequently associated with various models of I/R injury, was also investigated. In vivo mouse models with I/R injury after TKA and in vitro cell models with I/R injury were induced. Contents of creatinine kinase (CK), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA), serum levels of inflammatory factors, expression of PKA pathway-related genes and cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured. RASD1 was altered and PKA pathway was inhibited in mice and cells to elucidate the involvement of RASD1 and PKA pathway in Sevoflurane treatment on I/R injury. RASD1 was upregulated in I/R injury after TKA. Sevoflurane treatment or silencing RASD1 reduced RASD1 expression, CK, LDH and MDA contents, inflammation, apoptosis, but increased proliferation, SOD content, cAMP expression, and extents of PKA and cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation in skeletal muscle cells of I/R injury. Additionally, PKA pathway activation potentiated the therapeutic effect of Sevoflurane on I/R injury after TKA. Altogether, Sevoflurane treatment confines I/R injury after TKA via RASD1-mediated PKA pathway activation.