Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 17 pp 17738—17753

Anti-aging effects of Ribes meyeri anthocyanins on neural stem cells and aging mice

Jiaming Gao1, *, , Yating Wu2, *, , Dajun He2, , Xiaoqi Zhu1, , Hongbin Li2, , Haifeng Liu3, , Hailiang Liu1,2, ,

  • 1 Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200123, China
  • 2 Key Laboratory of Xinjiang Phytomedicine Resource and Utilization of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832003, China
  • 3 China Colored-Cotton (Group) Co., Ltd., Urumqi 830014, Xinjiang, China
* Equal contribution

Received: January 28, 2020       Accepted: July 23, 2020       Published: September 12, 2020
How to Cite

Copyright: © 2020 Gao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Aging is associated with neurological impairment and cognitive decline. Flavonoids are very promising in anti-aging research in mouse models. Ribes meyeri anthocyanins are rich in abundant flavonoids, but their anti-aging biological activities remain unknown. In this study, we prepared an R. meyeri anthocyanin extract and analyzed its effects on neural stem cell (NSC) senescence in vivo and in vitro. We isolated mouse NSCs and used cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), cell cycle, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and immunofluorescence methods to analyze the anti-aging effects of R. meyeri anthocyanins as well as naringenin (Nar), which metabolic analysis revealed as an important flavonoid in R. meyeri anthocyanins. RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) and enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA) methods were also used to investigate Nar-specific mechanisms of anti-aging. After R. meyeri anthocyanin treatment, NSC proliferation accelerated, and NSCs had decreased senescence markers, and reduced P16ink4a expression. R. meyeri anthocyanin treatment also reversed age-dependent neuronal loss in vivo and in vitro. Nar blocked mNSC aging in vitro and improved spatial memory and cognitive abilities in aging mice through downregulation of plasma TNF-α protein. These findings suggest that R. meyeri anthocyanins increase NSC proliferation and improve neurogenesis with aging via Nar-induced reductions in TNF-α protein levels in vivo.


NSC: neural stem cell; Nar: naringenin; TNF: tumor necrosis factor; ROS: reactive oxygen species; CCK-8: counting kit-8; qRT-PCR: quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction; SVZ: subventricular zone; MWM: morris water maze; RNA-Seq: RNA sequencing; DEGs: differentially expressed genes; ELISA: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; GFAP: glial fibrillary acidic protein; DAPI: 4′:6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole.