Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 24 pp 25090—25100
miR-100-3p inhibits the adipogenic differentiation of hMSCs by targeting PIK3R1 via the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway
- 1 Key Laboratory of System Bio-Medicine of Jiangxi Province, Jiujiang University, Jiujiang 332000, China
Received: June 17, 2020 Accepted: July 30, 2020 Published: November 20, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.104074
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2020 Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
MicroRNAs play an important role in the adipogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). How miR-100-3p influences such adipogenesis, however, remains uncertain. In this study, hMSC adipogenic differentiation was associated with miR-100-3p downregulation, and overexpressing this miRNA inhibited adipogenesis and the expression of adipogenic marker genes. Through bioinformatics approaches, miR-100-3p can bind the 3'-untranslated region (3′-UTR) of the mRNA encoding phosphoinositide 3-kinase regulatory subunit 1 (PIK3R1) such that miR-100-3p overexpression resulted in significant reductions in PIK3R1 expression. Importantly, overexpressing PIK3R1 was sufficient to reverse the anti-adipogenic effects of miR-100-3p overexpression. PIK3R1 is a critical component of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and miR-100-3p overexpression resulted in reduced AKT phosphorylation in the context of adipogenesis. In addition, the adipogenic differentiation of hMSCs in which miR-100-3p was overexpressed was further enhanced upon treatment with the PI3K/AKT agonist 740Y-P relative to miR-100-3p overexpression alone. Taken together, these findings provide evidence that miR-100-3p inhibits the adipogenic differentiation of hMSCs by targeting PIK3R1 via the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.