Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 24 pp 25294—25303
Multiwalled carbon nanotubes inhibit cell migration and invasion by destroying actin cytoskeleton via mitochondrial dysfunction in ovarian cancer cells
- 1 Department of Reproductive Medicine, Linyi People's Hospital, Linyi, Shandong, China
- 2 Department of Tuberculosis, Linyi People's Hospital, Linyi, Shandong, China
- 3 Supervision of Medical Areas, Linyi People's Hospital, Linyi, Shandong, China
Received: May 10, 2020 Accepted: August 1, 2020 Published: December 3, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.104130
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2020 Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on cytotoxicity and tumor metastasis in ovarian cancer cells, and further explored its mechanism.
Results: MWCNTs significantly inhibited cell viability and the clone number, increased the cell number of S phage, promoted cell apoptosis, as well as suppressed cell migration and invasion, and damaged the structure of actin cytoskeleton in a dose-dependent manner in SKOV3. Moreover, MWCNTs treatment obviously damaged the structure of actin cytoskeleton of SKOV3, and inhibited the activities of mitochondrial electron transfer chain complexes I-V.
Conclusions: MWCNTs might influence the assembly of actin cytoskeleton by disrupting mitochondrial function, thereby inhibiting migration and invasion of SKOV3.
Methods: The characterization of MWCNTs was analyzed by UV visible light absorption spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. SKOV3 cells were exposed to different doses of MWCNTs. Then, in vitro cytotoxicity of MWCNTs was evaluated by MTT assay, colony-forming assay, cell cycle, and cell apoptosis assay. Moreover, the effects of MWCNTs on cell migration and invasion as well as actin cytoskeleton were explored in SKOV3 cells. Furthermore, the mitochondrial membrane potential and the activities of mitochondrial electron transfer chain complexes I-V were measured.