Background: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a special type of breast cancer, its tumor cell metastasis rate is much higher than other types, and at the same time has a high rate of postoperative recurrence, which significantly threatens the health of women. Thus, it is urgent to explore a new treatment for TNBC.

Results: MiR-106a-5p was up-regulated in TNBC tissues and cells, and was positively correlated with the tumor grade, which indicated poor prognosis in TNBC patients. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can transport miR-106a-5p into TNBC cells via exosomes. Functional analysis showed exo-miR-106a-5p secreted by MSCs promoted tumor progression in TNBC cells. Furthermore, lncRNA HAND2-AS1 inhibited miR-106a-5p levels, and HAND2-AS1 was decreased in TNBC tissues and cells. Besides, overexpression of HAND2-AS1 reduced the secretion of exo-miR-106a-5p secretion from MSCs, thus suppressed TNBC development.

Conclusion: Our study revealed that HAND2-AS1 inhibited the growth of TNBC, which were mediated by the inhibitory effects of MSC-derived exosomal miR-106a-5p.