Background and aims Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and receptor of advanced glycation end products (RAGE), are associated with cognition decline. We aim to investigate the effect of liraglutide on cognitive function in diabetic mice.

Results Diabetic mice showed decreased cognitive function. Moreover, lower glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels in plasma were detected in db/db mice. Additionally, up-regulated RAGE and down-regulated glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1R) levels were observed in db/db mice. However, decreased GLP-1R and increased RAGE were reversed by liraglutide. We also found decreased cellular activity in cells with AGEs. Moreover, AGEs up-regulated RAGE in PC12 and HT22 cells. However, liraglutide improved the cell activity damaged by AGEs. Although we did not discover the direct-interaction between RAGE and GLP-1R, elevated RAGE levels induced by AGEs were restored by liraglutide.

Conclusion We demonstrated that the cognitive function of diabetic mice was improved by liraglutide via the down-regulation of RAGE.

Methods db/db mice and db/m mice were used in this study. Liraglutide was used to remedy diabetic mice. Neurons and RAGE in hippocampus were shown by immunofluorescence. And then, PC12 cells or HT22 cells with AGEs were treated with liraglutide. GLP-1R and RAGE were measured by western blotting.