Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 4 pp 5369—5382
Inhibiting TLR4 signaling by linarin for preventing inflammatory response in osteoarthritis
- 1 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children’s Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325027, China
- 2 Department of Rehabilitation, The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children’s Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325027, China
Received: May 9, 2020 Accepted: November 30, 2020 Published: February 1, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.202469
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Qi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common degenerative diseases, ultimately leading to long-term joint pain and severe articular malformation. Controlling local chronic inflammation is a crucial strategy for delaying OA development. Linarin is a natural flavonoid glycoside that is widely available in Compositae, Chrysanthemum indicum and Dendrocalamus and processes protective effects in several animal models. The purpose of our work was to study the protective effect of Linarin for OA. Cellular experiments data showed that Linarin suppressed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-caused the overproduction of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in chondrocyte. In addition, LPS-stimulated expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide nitrate (iNOS) was decreased by Linarin pre-treatment. Together, Linarin prevented the catabiosis of extracellular matrix caused by LPS. For mechanism, Linarin inhibited the formation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) / myeloid differentiation protein-2 (MD-2) dipolymer complex and subsequently intervened NF-κB activation. Our mouse DMM model further clarified the protection of Linarin in vivo. In summary, our results suggested that Linarin may be a potential effective agent for OA.