Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterized by a group of metabolic disturbances which leads to the enhanced risk of cancer development. Elucidating the mechanisms between these two pathologies is essential to identify the potential therapeutic molecular targets for colorectal cancer (CRC). 716 colorectal patients from the First and Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University were involved in our study and metabolic disorders were proven to increase the risk of CRC. The prognostic value of the MetS factors was analyzed using the Cox regression model and a clinical MetS-based nomogram was established. Then by using multi-omics techniques, the distinct molecular mechanism of MetS genes in CRC was firstly systematically characterized. Strikingly, MetS genes were found to be highly correlated with the effectiveness of targeted chemotherapy administration, especially for mTOR and VEGFR pathways. Our results further demonstrated that overexpression of MetS core gene IL6 would promote the malignancy of CRC, which was highly dependent on mTOR-S6K signaling. In conclusion, we comprehensively explored the clinical value and molecular mechanism of MetS in the progression of CRC, which may serve as a candidate option for cancer management and therapy in the future.