Abstract

In this study, we investigated associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the tubulin beta class I (TUBB) and WW domain-containing oxidoreductase (WWOX) genes, gene-gene interactions, and gene-environment interactions and dyslipidemia in the Chinese Maonan ethnic group. Four SNPs (rs3132584, rs3130685, rs2222896, and rs2548861) were genotyped in unrelated subjects with normal lipid levels (864) or dyslipidemia (1129). While 5.0% of Maonan subjects carried the rs3132584TT genotype, none of the Chinese Han in Beijing subjects did. Allele and genotype frequencies differed between the normal and dyslipidemia groups for three SNPs (rs3132584, rs3130685, and rs2222896). rs2222896G allele carriers in the normal group had higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. The rs3132584GG, rs3130685CC+TT, and rs2222896GG genotypes as well as the rs2222896G-rs2548861G and rs2222896G-rs2548861T haplotypes were associated with an elevated risk of dyslipidemia; the rs2222896A-rs2548861T and rs2222896A-rs2548861G haplotypes were associated with a reduced risk of dyslipidemia. Among the thirteen TUBB-WWOX interaction types identified, rs3132584T-rs3130685T-rs2222896G-rs2548861T increased the risk of dyslipidemia 1.371-fold. Fourteen two- to four-locus optimal interactive models for SNP-SNP, haplotype-haplotype, gene-gene, and gene-environment interactions exhibited synergistic or contrasting effects on dyslipidemia. Finally, the interaction between rs3132584 and rs2222896 increased the risk of dyslipidemia 2.548-fold and predicted hypertension.