Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 5 pp 7416—7429
A bioinformatic analysis: the overexpression and clinical significance of FCGBP in ovarian cancer
- 1 Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province Affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University, Linhai 317000, Zhejiang Province, People’s Republic of China
- 2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province Affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University, Linhai 317000, Zhejiang Province, People’s Republic of China
- 3 Department of Kidney Internal Medicine, Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province Affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University, Linhai 317000, Zhejiang Province, People’s Republic of China
- 4 Department of Neurosurgery, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou 310022, People’s Republic of China
Received: July 21, 2020 Accepted: December 29, 2020 Published: March 3, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.202601
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Fc fragment of IgG-binding protein (FCGBP) is differentially expressed in various tumors. However, the correlation between FCGBP and immune cell infiltration in ovarian cancer remains unclear. FCGBP expression was analyzed using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) pan-cancer data, and the ovarian cancer expression profile was analyzed using the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The clinical prognostic value of FCGBP was evaluated using clinical survival data from TCGA. Enrichment analysis of FCGBP was performed using the R package clusterProfiler. Based on known immune cell infiltration scores for samples found in TCGA, we analyzed the association between immune cell infiltration level and FCGBP expression. FCGBP was highly expressed and associated with poorer overall survival (p = 0.00051) and disease-specific survival (p = 0.0012) in ovarian cancer and other tumors. Additionally, high FCGBP expression correlated significantly with immune-related gene sets, including those involved in chemokine signaling pathways and innate and adaptive immunity. Further analysis showed that M2 macrophage infiltration increased and M1 macrophage infiltration decreased in tissues with high FCGBP expression. Our study suggests that FCGBP contributes to M2 macrophage polarization by acting as an oncogene in ovarian cancer. FCGBP may represent a clinically helpful biomarker for predicting overall survival of ovarian cancer patients.
FCGBP: Fc fragment of IgG-binding protein; TCGA: The Cancer Genome Atlas; GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus; GTEx: Genotype-Tissue Expression; GSCA: Gene Set Cancer Analysis; GO: Gene Ontology; KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes; BRCA: Breast invasive carcinoma; CHOL: Cholangiocarcinoma; COAD: Colon adenocarcinoma; ESCA: esophageal carcinoma; GBM: glioblastoma multiforme; LAML: acute myeloid leukemia; LGG: lower grade glioma; LIHC: liver hepatocellular carcinoma; LUAD: lung adenocarcinoma; OV: ovarian cancer; PAAD: pancreatic adenocarcinoma; STAD: stomach adenocarcinoma; TGCT: testicular germ cell tumor; UCS: uterine carcinosarcoma; HNSC: head and neck squamous cell carcinoma; SKCM: skin cutaneous melanoma; THCA: thyroid carcinoma; IC50: 50% inhibiting concentration.