Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 4 pp 6144—6155
Effect of age and isolated systolic or diastolic hypertension on target organ damage in non-dialysis patients with chronic kidney disease
- 1 Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhuhai 519000, Guangdong, China
- 2 Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biomedical Imaging, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhuhai 519000, Guangdong, China
- 3 Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong, China
Received: June 29, 2020 Accepted: January 21, 2021 Published: February 22, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.202609
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Hao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The aim of this study was to investigate associations between age-dependent variations in isolated systolic/diastolic hypertension (ISH/IDH) with target organ damage in chronic kidney disease (CKD). A cross-sectional study was conducted among 2,459 CKD patients with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Blood pressure was categorized into four groups: normotension, ISH, IDH, and systolic-diastolic hypertension. The outcome measurements were left ventricular mass index (LVMI), estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR), and urinary albumin creatinine ratio (ACR). Older patients (≥60-years-old) had a higher prevalence of ISH and a lower prevalence of IDH than younger patients (<60-years-old). In multivariate analysis, compared with the normotension group, younger patients with ISH were associated with higher LVMI (+14.4 g/m2), lower eGFR (−0.2 log units), and higher ACR (+0.5 log units); but younger patients with IDH were only associated with lower eGFR (−0.2 log units) and higher ACR (+0.4 log units). Among older patients, ISH was correlated with higher LVMI (+8.8 g/m2), lower eGFR (−0.2 log units), and higher ACR (+1.0 log units), whereas IDH was not associated with these renal/cardiovascular parameters. In conclusion, ISH was associated with a relatively high risk of target organ damage irrespective of age, whereas IDH was only correlated with renal injury in younger CKD patients.