Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 6 pp 8127—8145
Long noncoding RNA NKILA transferred by astrocyte-derived extracellular vesicles protects against neuronal injury by upregulating NLRX1 through binding to mir-195 in traumatic brain injury
- 1 Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Shanghai 201318, P.R. China
- 2 Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Pudong New Area People’s Hospital, Shanghai 201200, P.R. China
Received: March 25, 2020 Accepted: August 22, 2020 Published: March 3, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.202618
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 He et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The study aims to investigate the effects of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) transmitted nuclear factor-κB interacting lncRNA (NKILA)-containing astrocyte-derived small extracellular vesicles (EVs) on traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI was modeled in vitro by exposing human neurons to mechanical injury and in vivo by controlled cortical impact in a mouse model. The gain- and loss-function approaches were conducted in injured neurons to explore the role of NKILA, microRNA-195 (miR-195) and nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat containing family member X1 (NLRX1) in neuronal injury. EVs extracted from NKILA-overexpressing astrocytes were used to treat injured neurons. It was revealed that NKILA was downregulated in injured neurons. Astrocyte co-culture participated in the upregulation of NKILA in injured neurons. Additionally, NKILA could competitively bind to miR-195 that directly targeted NLRX1. Next, the upregulation of NLRX1 or NKILA relived neuronal injury by promoting neuronal proliferation but inhibiting apoptosis. Astrocyte-derived EVs transferred NKILA into neurons, which led to the downregulation of miR-195, upregulation of NLRX1, increased cell proliferation, and decreased cell apoptosis. The in vivo experiments validated that NKILA-containing EVs promoted brain recovery following TBI. Collectively, astrocyte-derived EVs carrying NKILA was found to alleviate neuronal injury in TBI by competitively binding to miR-195 and upregulating NLRX1.