Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 7 pp 10240—10274
Maternal high sugar and fat diet benefits offspring brain function via targeting on the gut–brain axis
- 1 State Key Laboratory of Applied Microbiology Southern China, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Microbial Safety and Health, Guangdong Institute of Microbiology, Guangdong Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510070, Guangdong, China
- 2 Guangdong Second Provincial General Hospital, Guangzhou 510000, Guangdong, China
- 3 Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 610075, Sichun, China
- 4 Academy of Life Sciences, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510000, Guangdong, China
Received: May 6, 2020 Accepted: October 31, 2020 Published: March 26, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.202787
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
A recent study showed that a gestational high fat diet protects 3xTg-AD offspring from memory impairments, synaptic dysfunction, and brain pathology. However, it is unknown whether this diet exerts the same effects on normal mice or on other functions, and if so, how. In the present study, mother mice were pre-fed a high sugar and high fat (HSHF) diet for 1 month and then fertilized; the HSHF diet was continued until birth and then mother mice were returned to a standard diet. The gut microbiota, and intestinal and brain functions of the offspring were dynamically monitored at 7, 14, 28, and 56 days old until 16 months of age. Results showed that the HSHF diet significantly affected the gut microbiota structure of the offspring, especially during the early life stage. In addition, in the HSHF diet offspring, there were influenced on various types of neurons, including cholinergic and GABAergic neurons, on autophagy levels in the brain, and on inflammation levels in the intestinal tract. When the offspring grew older (16 months), we found that some genes of benefit against nervous system disease were activated, such as Lhx8, GPR88, RGS9, CD4, DRD2, RXRG, and Syt6, and the expression of cholinergic and GABAergic neurons biomarker protein increased. Although the inflammation levels in the nervous and peripheral systems showed no obvious differences, the AFP level of individuals on the HSHF diet was much higher than those on the standard diet, suggesting that more accurate and/or personalized nutrition is needed. Taken together, the results show that a maternal HSHF diet benefits the offspring by reducing the risk of nervous diseases, which might depend on LHX8 activation to modulate cholinergic and GABAergic neurons via the gut–brain axis, but still need much more deep studies.