Inherited predispositions to acute lymphoblastic leukemia have been well investigated in pediatric patients, but studies on adults, particularly Chinese patients, are limited. In this study, we conducted a genome-wide association study in 466 all-age Chinese patients with Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and 1,466 non-ALL controls to estimate the impact of age on ALL susceptibility in the Chinese population. Among the 17 reported loci, 8 have been validated in pediatric and 1 in adult patients. The strongest association signal was identified at ARID5B locus and gradually decreased with age, while the signal at GATA3 exhibited the opposite trend and significantly impact on adult patients. With genome-wide approaches, germline variants at 2q14.3 rank as the top inherited predisposition to adult patients (e.g., rs73956024, P = 4.3 × 10-5) and separate the genetic risk of pediatric vs. adult patients (P = 3.6 × 10-6), whereas variants at 15q25.3 (e.g., rs11638062) have a similar impact on patients in different age groups (overall P = 2.9 × 10-7). Our analysis highlights the impact of age on genetic susceptibility to ALL in Chinese patients.