To investigate the suppressive function of RO4929097, a potent -secretase inhibitor, on RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis. The cytotoxicity of RO4929097 was evaluated. The suppressive effect and possible molecular mechanism of RO4929097 on RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. The IC50 of RO4929097 was 2.93 μM. Treatment with different doses of RO4929097 (100 nM, 200 nM, and 400 nM) effectively reduced osteoclast formation (number and resorption area) in a dose-dependent manner. The qPCR results revealed that RO4929097 attenuates RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and NFATc1 protein expression. The in vivo experiments demonstrated that RO4929097 had an inhibitory effect on LPS-induced bone resorption. Our in vitro experiments showed that RO4929097 can potently inhibit osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption by down-regulating the Notch/MAPK/JNK/Akt-mediated reduction of NFATc1. In accordance with these in vitro observations, RO4929097 attenuated LPS-induced osteolysis in mice. In conclusion, our findings indicate that Notch may represent a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of osteolytic diseases.