Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 9 pp 12996—13005
Azilsartan ameliorates ox-LDL-induced endothelial dysfunction via promoting the expression of KLF2
- 1 Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong, China
- 2 Department of Cardiology, Ganzhou People’s Hospital, Ganzhou 341000, Jiangxi, China
Received: November 13, 2020 Accepted: January 14, 2021 Published: May 4, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.202973
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Oxidized LDL(Ox-LDL) mediated endothelial dysfunction is involved in the pathogenesis of various cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis. Azilsartan is a potent agent for the treatment of hypertension as the antagonist of the angiotensin II receptor. This study will investigate whether Azilsartan possesses a beneficial effect against endothelial cell dysfunction induced by ox-LDL and explore the underlying preliminary mechanism.
Methods: Ox-LDL was applied to construct an in vitro endothelial dysfunction model in human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs). The expression of lectin-type oxidized LDL receptor 1 (LOX-1), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), tight junction protein occludin, and transcriptional factor Krüppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) was detected using qRT-PCR and Western blot. ELISA and qRT-PCR were utilized to evaluate the production of chemokine monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) and chemokine (C-X-C motif) Ligand 1 Protein (CXCL1) in treated HUVECs. The generation of nitro oxide (NO) was determined using DAF-FM DA staining assay. KLF2 was silenced by transfecting the cells with specific Small interfering RNA (siRNA). FITC-dextran permeation assay was used to check the endothelial monolayer permeability of treated HUVECs.
Results: Firstly, the elevated expressions of LOX-1, MCP-1, and CXCL-1 induced by stimulation with ox-LDL were significantly suppressed by Azilsartan. The downregulated eNOS and reduced production of NO induced by ox-LDL were reversed by the introduction of Azilsartan. Secondly, enlarged endothelial monolayer permeability and decreased expression of occludin stimulated with ox-LDL were greatly reversed by treatment with Azilsartan but were abolished by silencing the expression of KLF2. Lastly, the inhibited expression of KLF2 induced by ox-LDL was significantly elevated by the introduction of Azilsartan.
Conclusion: Azilsartan might ameliorate ox-LDL-induced endothelial damage via elevating the expression of KLF2.