Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 10 pp 13846—13858
Esophageal carcinoma cell-excreted exosomal uc.189 promotes lymphatic metastasis
- 1 Department of Pathology, The Affiliated Hospital of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, PR China
- 2 Institute of Translational Medicine, Medical College, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, PR China
- 3 Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine for Prevention and Treatment of Senile Diseases, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, PR China
Received: January 27, 2020 Accepted: February 16, 2021 Published: May 23, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.202979
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Ding et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Most cancers are old age-related diseases. Patients with lymphatic metastasis have an extremely poor prognosis in esophageal cancers (ECs). Previous studies showed ultraconserved RNAs are involved in tumorigenesis and ultraconserved RNA 189 (uc.189) served as an oncogene in cervical cancer, but the effect of exosomal uc.189 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains undefined. This study revealed that uc.189 is closely correlated with lymph node (LN) metastasis and the number of lymphatic vessels in ESCC. ESCC-secreted exosomal uc.189 is transferred into human lymphatic endothelial cells (HLECs) to promote its proliferation, migration and tube formation to facilitate lymph node metastasis. Mechanistically, uc.189 regulated EPHA2 expression by directly binding to its 3’UTR region through dual-luciferase reporter assay. Over-expression and knockdown of EPHA2 could respectively rescue and simulate the effects induced by exosomal uc.189. Especially, the uc.189-EPHA2 axis activates the P38MAPK/VEGF-C pathway in HLECs. Finally, ESCC-secreted exosomal of uc.189 promotes HLECs sprouting in vitro, migration, and lymphangiogenesis. Thus, these findings suggested that exosomal uc.189 targets the EPHA2 of HLECs to promote lymphangiogenesis, and may represent a novel marker of diagnosis and treatment for ESCC patients in early stages.