Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 9 pp 12334—12358
The nuclear sirtuin SIRT6 protects the heart from developing aging-associated myocyte senescence and cardiac hypertrophy
- 1 Department of Surgery, Basic Science Division, The Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Received: August 13, 2020 Accepted: February 1, 2021 Published: May 2, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203027
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Pillai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Sirtuins have been shown to regulate the aging process. We have previously demonstrated that Sirt6 blocks the pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy in mice. Here, we show that Sirt6 can also mitigate aging-induced cardiomyocyte senescence and cardiac hypertrophy. We found that aging is associated with altered Sirt6 activity along with development of cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. Compared to young mice (4-months), the hearts of aged mice (24-months) showed increased levels of mitochondrial DNA damage, shortened telomere length, and increased accumulation of 8-oxo-dG adducts, which are hallmarks of aging. The aged hearts also showed reduced levels of NAD+ and altered levels of mitochondrial fusion-fission proteins. Similar characteristics were observed in the hearts of Sirt6 deficient mice. Additionally, we found that doxorubicin (Dox) induced cardiomyocyte senescence, as measured by expression of p16INK4a, p53, and β-galactosidase, was associated with loss of Sirt6. However, Sirt6 overexpression protected cardiomyocytes from developing Dox-induced senescence. Further, compared to wild-type mice, the hearts of Sirt6.Tg mice showed reduced expression of aging markers, and the development of aging-associated cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. Our data suggest that Sirt6 is a critical anti-aging molecule that regulates various cellular processes associated with aging and protects the heart from developing aging-induced cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis.