Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 10 pp 14277—14288
Silencing UCHL3 enhances radio-sensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer cells by inhibiting DNA repair
- 1 Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, People’s Republic of China
- 2 Department of Hemodialysis, Nanchang First Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi, People’s Republic of China
Received: October 29, 2020 Accepted: February 9, 2021 Published: May 19, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203043
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
UCHL3 belongs to the UCH family and is involved in multiple biological processes. However, the biological functions and underlying mechanisms of action of UCHL3 in radio-sensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain unknown. Here, we reported that the expression of UCHL3 was significantly up-regulated in NSCLC tissues and cell lines, and associated with poor prognosis of NSCLC patients. The expression of UCHL3 of NSCLC cells was increased after exposure to ionizing radiation (IR). Moreover, we found that knockdown of UCHL3 enhanced the radio-sensitivity of NSCLC cells both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, γH2AX foci staining and Western blot analysis showed that knockdown of UCHL3 increased IR-induced DNA damage. Knockdown of UCHL3 in NSCLC cells decreased homologous recombination (HR) repair efficiency and RAD51 foci formation. Collectively, our study revealed that knockdown of UCHL3 enhanced the radio-sensitivity of NSCLC cells and increased IR-induced DNA damage via impairing HR repair.