Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 10 pp 14416—14432
miR-485 inhibits histone deacetylase HDAC5, HIF1α and PFKFB3 expression to alleviate epilepsy in cellular and rodent models
- 1 Department of Pediatrics, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130041, P.R. China
Received: April 2, 2020 Accepted: October 5, 2020 Published: May 21, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203058
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Copyright: © 2021 Pan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
We investigated the role of microRNA (miR)-485 and its downstream signaling molecules on mediating epilepsy in cellular and rat models. We established a cellular epilepsy model by exposing hippocampal neurons to magnesium and a rat model by treating ICR mice with lithium chloride (127 mg/kg) and pilocarpine (30 mg/kg). We confirmed that miR-485 could bind and inhibit histone deacetylase 5 (HDAC5) and then measured expression of miR-485 and in mice and cells. Cells were transfected with overexpression or knockdown of miR-485, HDAC5, hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF1α), or 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-biphosphatase 3 enzyme (PFKFB3) to verify their roles in apoptosis, oxidative stress, and inflammation in epileptic hippocampal neurons. Binding relationship between miR-485, HDAC5, HIF1α, and PFKFB3 was verified. Oxidative stress and inflammation marker levels in epilepsy model mice were assessed. miR-485 was downregulated and HDAC5 was upregulated in cell and animal model of epilepsy. Seizure, neuronal apoptosis, oxidative stress (increased SOD and GSH-Px expression and decreased MDA and 8-OHdG expression) and inflammation (reduced IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6 expression) were reduced by miR-485 in epileptic cells. HIF1α and PFKFB3 expression was reduced by HDAC5 knockdown in cells, which was recapitulated in vivo. Thus, miR-485 alleviates neuronal damage and epilepsy by inhibiting HDAC5, HIF1α, and PFKFB3.