Research Paper Advance Articles
Analysis of probable lipotoxic damage and myocardial fibrosis in epicardial obesity
- 1 Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases, Kemerovo, Russia
- 2 Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education, "Altai State Medical University" of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Barnaul, Russia
- 3 Regional State Budgetary Healthcare Institution of Altai Regional Cardiological Dispensary, Barnaul, Russia
Received: January 27, 2021 Accepted: May 24, 2021 Published: June 4, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203148
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Chumakova et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Myocardial fibrosis is considered a key pathological process in the development of cardiovascular diseases. In epicardial obesity (EO), the main cause of fibrosis development is lipotoxic myocardial damage. It is important to detect myocardial fibrosis at an early stage, using non-invasive diagnostic methods. According to the results of echocardiography (ECG), 110 men with general obesity were divided into the following two groups: Group I with epicardial fat thickness (tEAT) ≥ 7 mm (n = 70) and Group II with tEAT < 7 mm (n = 40) without diastolic dysfunction. The levels of metabolic factors, pro-inflammatory cytokines, adipokines, and free fatty acids (FFA), profibrotic markers were determined in both groups. In Group I, the level of interleukin (IL)-6, C-reactive protein, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α increased and that of leptin and adiponectin decreased compared with those in Group II. There was an increase in the level of all studied profibrotic factors in Group I. The level of TNF-α and IL-6 showed a positive correlation with the level of leptin and FFA and a negative correlation with the level of adiponectin. We also observed a relationship between the level of collagen, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, and metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 and EO. Our results showed that confirmed EO correlates with not only disadipocytosis and increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, but also increased levels of profibrotic factors. This suggests that the studied markers of fibrosis may be used to determine preclinical cardiac fibrosis with lipotoxic myocardial damage in patients with EO.