Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 20 pp 23769—23779
Hypoxic tubular epithelial cells regulate the angiogenesis of HMEC-1 cells via mediation of Rab7/MMP-2 axis
- 1 Department of Pathology and Pathophysiology, Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, Jiangsu, China
- 2 Institute of Andrology, The Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, China
- 3 Institute of Nephrology, The Affiliated Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, Jiangsu, China
Received: July 17, 2021 Accepted: October 18, 2021 Published: October 25, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203648
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Renal hypoxia is associated with persisting peritubular capillary rarefaction in progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and this phenomenon mainly resulted from the dysregulated angiogenesis. Rab7 is known to be involved in renal hypoxia. However, the mechanism by which Rab7 regulates the renal hypoxia remains unclear. Protein expression was detected by western blot. Cell proliferation was detected by EdU staining. Cell migration was tested by transwell assay. Rab7 was upregulated in HK-2 cells under hypoxia conditions. Hypoxia significantly inhibited the viability and proliferation of human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1 cells), while this phenomenon was obviously reversed by Rab7 silencing. Consistently, Hypoxia significantly decreased the migration and tube length of HMECs, which was partially reversed by knockdown of Rab7. Moreover, hypoxia-induced inhibition of MMP2 activity was significantly rescued by knockdown of Rab7. Moreover, ARP100 (MMP-2 inhibitor) significantly reversed the effect of Rab7 shRNA on cell viability, migration and angiogenesis. Furthermore, knockdown of Rab7 significantly alleviated the fibrosis in tissues of mice. Knockdown of Rab7 significantly alleviated the renal hypoxia in chronic kidney disease through regulation of MMP-2. Thus, our study might shed new light on exploring the new strategies against CKD.