Drug metabolism-associated genes have been clarified to play a vital role in the process of cancer cell growth and migration. Nevertheless, the correlation between drug metabolism-associated genes and gastric cancer (GC) has not been fully explored and clarified. This paper has focused on the role of aldehyde dehydrogenase 6 family member A1 (ALDH6A1), a drug metabolism-associated gene, in the immune regulation and prognosis of GC patients. Using several bioinformatics platforms and immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay, we found that ALDH6A1 expression was significantly down-regulated in GC tissues. Moreover, higher expression of ALDH6A1 was related to the better prognosis of GC patients. ALDH6A1 was also found to be involved in the regulation of several immune-associated signatures, including immunoinhibitors. In conclusion, the above results have concluded that aberrant expression of ALDH6A1 might be served as the promising predictor for prognosis and clinical immunotherapy response in GC patients.