Research Paper Volume 14, Issue 18 pp 7517—7526
Gender difference in appendicular muscle strength: determinant of the quality of life in the older Taiwanese
- 1 School of Nursing, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei 112304, Taiwan
- 2 Department of Nursing, Tri-Service General Hospital Songshan Branch, Taipei 105309, Taiwan
- 3 School of Public Health, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei 114201, Taiwan
Received: May 20, 2022 Accepted: September 1, 2022 Published: September 19, 2022https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.204297
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2022 Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: The loss of skeletal muscle mass by aging determines the health status and the quality of life (QoL).
Objective: To examine the relationships between appendicular muscle strength and the QoL of elderly adults in gender difference.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, in which 690 subjects who participated in older adults health examination in the health management center of Tri-Service General Hospital from 2018 to 2021. A structured questionnaire was used to collect basic demographic data. The 12-Item Short Form Survey (SF-12) was used to evaluate the QoL of subjects. Their grip strength and gait speed were measured, and Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure muscle mass and other body composition data. Multivariate regression analysis was used to examine the relationships between upper and lower limb muscle strength and the QoL of older adults.
Results: In men, legs muscle mass percentage (LegsMM%) (β = 3.67; 95% CI: 0.64–6.69; p = 0.018) and gait speed (β = 6.09; 95% CI: 3.88–8.30; p < 0.001) were positively associated with physical component summary (PCS) scores, and gait speed (β = 4.63; 95% CI: 2.66–6.60; p < 0.001) was also related to an improvement mental component summary (MCS) scores. In women, arms muscle mass percentage (ArmsMM%) (β = 6.50; 95% CI: 2.34–10.66; p = 0.002) and grip strength (β = 10.54; 95% CI: 6.27–14.81; p < 0.001) had the greatest effect on improving PCS scores, whereas grip strength (β = 7.58; 95% CI 4.00–11.17; p < 0.001) was also found to help improve MCS scores.
Conclusions: Men should focus on lower limb training, whereas females should focus on upper limb training to effectively improve their QoL. Appropriate exercise interventions should be designed for different genders for the promotion of the healthy aging policy.