Hormone receptor positive (HR-positive) breast cancer (BC) is the most common subtype of breast cancer. Despite adjuvant endocrine therapy and chemotherapy-based treatment, the therapeutic response is often not satisfactory in HR-positive BC patients. Therefore, elucidating the mechanisms that regulate the progression of HR-positive BC is urgently required to identify new therapeutic targets. Previously, HLA Complex Group 11 (HCG11), located on the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region, was found to be abnormally expressed in a variety of tumor cells. However, the role of HCG11 in HR-positive BC cells has not been explored to date. In the current study, we found that HCG11 is downregulated in HR-positive BC tissues and cell lines. Both in vitro and in vivo, HCG11 acts as a tumor suppressor in HR-positive BC cells. Furthermore, the mechanistic details unraveled that HCG11 recruits Serine/arginine-rich splicing factor 1 (SRSF1) to target β-catenin mRNA for promoting the translation of β-catenin. Our study emphasizes the potential of HCG11 as a novel intervention target for HR-positive BC treatment.