Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSC) is a kind of malignant tumor originating from the oropharynx, larynx, nasopharynx and oral cavity. The incidence of HNSC is increasing and it is the sixth malignant tumor in the world at present. “Cuprotosis” is a novel cuper-dependent cell death mode that is closely related to mitochondrial respiration. Tumorigenesis is closely related to the dysregulation of cell death. However, the relationship between cuprotosis and HNSC remains unclear. Here, we investigated the association between 10 cuprotosis-associated genes (CAGs) and HNSC using multi-omics public data. We found that CAGs had abnormal expression and significant genetic changes in HNSC, especially CDKN2A with 54% mutation rate. Expression of CAGs significantly correlates with the prognosis of HNSC patients. Moreover, the CAGs expression is correlated with the immune checkpoints expression and immune cells infiltration. These CAGs expression was associated with multiple drugs sensitivity of cancer cells, such as cisplatin and docetaxel. These findings indicate that CAGs are likely to serve an essential role in the diagnosis, prognosis, immunotherapy and drug therapy prediction of HNSC.