Cartilage endplate (CEP) degeneration and calcification is an important contributor to the onset and pathogenesis of intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). However, the underlying mechanisms of CEP degeneration remain elusive, let alone according treatment strategies to prevent CEP degeneration. Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is a tumor suppressor gene that promotes cell apoptosis, and recent studies indicated that PTEN is overexpressed in degenerated intervertebral disc. However, whether direct inhibition of PTEN attenuates CEP degeneration and IDD development remains largely unknown. In the present study, our in vivo experiments demonstrated that VO-OHpic could attenuate IDD progression and CEP calcification. We also found that VO-OHpic inhibited oxidative stress induced chondrocytes apoptosis and degeneration by activating Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway, thus promoted parkin mediated mitophagy process and inhibited chondrocytes ferroptosis, alleviated redox imbalance and eventually improved cell survival. Nrf-2 siRNA transfection significantly reversed the protective effect of VO-OHpic on endplate chondrocytes. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that inhibition of PTEN with VO-OHpic attenuates CEP calcification and IDD progression. Moreover, VO-OHpic protects endplate chondrocytes against apoptosis and degeneration via activating Nrf-2/HO-1 mediated mitophagy process and ferroptosis inhibition. Our results suggest that VO-OHpic may be a potential effective medicine for IDD prevention and treatment.