Galectin-1 (Gal1) and non-SMC condensin I complex, subunit G (NCAPG) are associated with metastasis in several malignant tumors. However, their precise roles in gastric cancer (GC) remain uncertain. This study explored the clinical significance and relationship of Gal1 and NCAPG in GC. Gal1 and NCAPG expressions were significantly up-regulated in GC compared to adjacent non-cancerous tissues by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blotting. Besides, methods including stable transfection, quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR, Western blotting, Matrigel invasion and wound-healing assays in vitro, were also conducted. IHC scores for Gal1 and NCAPG had a positive correlation in GC tissues. High Gal1 or NCAPG expression significantly correlated with poor prognosis in GC, and Gal1 combined with NCAPG had a synergetic effect on the prediction of GC prognosis. Gal1 overexpression in vitro enhanced NCAPG expression, cell migration, and invasion in SGC-7901 and HGC-27 cells. Simultaneous Gal1 overexpression and NCAPG knockdown in GC cells partly rescued the migrative and invasive abilities. Thus, Gal1 promoted GC invasion through increased NCAPG expression. The present study demonstrated the prognostic significance of the combination of Gal1 and NCAPG in GC for the first time.