Background: Kidney renal clear cell cancer (KIRC) is a type of urological cancer that occurs worldwide. Core fucosylation (CF), as the most common post-translational modification, is involved in the tumorigenesis.

Methods: The alterations of CF-related genes were summarized in pan-cancer. The “ConsensusClusterPlus” package was utilized to identify two CF-related KIRC subtypes. The “ssgsea” function was chosen to estimate the CF score, signaling pathways and cell deaths. Multiple algorithms were applied to assess immune responses. The “oncoPredict” was utilized to estimate the drug sensitivity. The IHC and subgroup analysis was performed to reveal the molecular features of FUT8. Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) data were scrutinized to evaluate the CF state.

Results: In pan-cancer, there was a noticeable alteration in the expression of CF-related genes. In KIRC, two CF-related subtypes (i.e., C1, C2) were obtained. In comparison to C2, C1 exhibited a higher CF score and correlated with poorer overall survival. Additionally, the TME of C2 demonstrated increased activity in neutrophils, macrophages, myeloid dendritic cells, and B cells, alongside a higher presence of silent mast cells, NK cells, and endothelial cells. Compared to normal samples, higher expression of FUT8 is observed in KIRC. The mutation of SETD2 was more frequent in low-FUT8 samples while the mutation of DNAH9 was more frequent in high-FUT8 samples. scRNA-seq analyses revealed that the CF score was predominantly higher in endothelial cells and fibroblast cells.

Conclusions: Two CF-related subtypes with distinct prognosis and TME were identified in KIRC. FUT8 exhibited elevated expression in KIRC samples.