Senescence-induced therapy was previously considered as an effective treatment for tumors, and cellular senescence was initially regarded as an effective mechanism against cancer. However, whether cell senescence-related genes can be used to predict the prognosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and immunotherapy remains unclear. We developed and validated a cell senescence-related signature (CSRS) by analyzing the gene expression of 278 genes related to cellular senescence in 738 patients with PTC. Additionally, further analysis showed that CSRS was a reliable predictor of patient outcomes in combination with immune checkpoint expression and drug susceptibility, and patients with high risk scores may benefit from immunotherapy. The findings of this study demonstrate that CSRS serves as an immunotherapeutic response and prognosis biomarker affecting the tumor immune microenvironment of PTC.