Aim: The objective is to investigate the prognostic factors associated with gliomas and to develop and assess a predictive nomogram model connected to survival that may serve as an additional resource for the clinical management of glioma patients.

Method: From 2010 to 2015, participants included in the study were chosen from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. Gliomas were definitively diagnosed in each of them. They were divided into the training group and the validation cohort at random (7/3 ratio) using a random number table. To identify the independent predictive markers for overall survival (OS), Cox regression analysis was utilized. Subsequently, the training cohort’s survival-related nomogram predictive model for OS was created by incorporating the fundamental patient attributes. Following that, the training cohort’s model underwent internal validation. The nomogram model’s authenticity and reliability were assessed through the computation of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and concordance index (C-index). To evaluate the degree of agreement between the observed and predicted values in the training and validation cohorts, calibration plots were created.

Result: Age, primary site, histological type, surgery, chemotherapy, marital status, and grade were the independent predictive factors for OS in the training cohort, according to Cox regression analysis. Moreover, the nomogram model for predicting 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year OS was built using these variables. The C-indexes of OS for glioma patients in the training cohort and internal validation cohort were found to be 0.779 (95% CI=0.769-0.789) and 0.776 (95% CI=0.760-0.792), respectively, according to the results. The ROC curves also demonstrated good discrimination. Additionally, calibration plots demonstrated a fair amount of agreement.

Conclusions: In summary, the nomogram prediction model of OS demonstrated a moderate level of reliability in its predictive performance, offering valuable reference data to enable doctors to quickly and easily determine the survival likelihood of patients with gliomas.