Research Paper Volume 9, Issue 1 pp 256—285

Melatonin-micronutrients Osteopenia Treatment Study (MOTS): a translational study assessing melatonin, strontium (citrate), vitamin D3 and vitamin K2 (MK7) on bone density, bone marker turnover and health related quality of life in postmenopausal osteopenic women following a one-year double-blind RCT and on osteoblast-osteoclast co-cultures

Figure 8A-C. Effect of MSDK on sOPG and sRANKL expression in osteoblasts grown in transwell co-cultures, layered co-cultures and hMSCs monocultures. After 21 days of MSDK exposure, OPG and RANKL expression in osteoblasts was measured by western blot in (A) transwell co-cultures, (B) layered co-cultures and (C) hMSCs monocultures. Cell lysates were prepared on day 21 from the bottom (osteoblasts) and top (osteoclasts) chambers in the transwell co-culture and from the whole plate (both osteoblast and osteoclast) in the layered co-culture. Protein levels were normalized against β-actin and then to Os-/MSDK. Mean expression of (i) OPG: RANKL, (ii) OPG and (iii) RANKL in each culture were analyzed, normalized against Os-/MSDK and compared between groups (Os-/MSDK, Os+/Veh, Os+/MSDK).