Research Paper Volume 11, Issue 13 pp 4323—4337

HMGB1 and Caveolin-1 related to RPE cell senescence in age-related macular degeneration

Figure 6. Glycyrrhizic acid alleviated A2E induced cell senescence. (A) An MTT assay was performed on RPE cells treated with different concentrations of GA. Data are presented as means ± SD; * indicates a p value < 0.05, ** indicates a p value < 0.01, n=3. (B)The release of HMGB1 induced by different concentrations of A2E+BL with or without 100μM GA were detected by ELISA assays. Data are presented as means ± SD; * indicates a p value < 0.05, ** indicates a p value < 0.01, n=3. (C) Representative microscopic images of β-galactosidase staining in RPE cells induced by different concentrations of A2E+BL with or without 100μM GA. (D) Quantification of percentage of cells with positive SA-β-gal staining. Data are presented as means ± SD; * indicates a p value < 0.05, ** indicates a p value < 0.01, n=3. (E) Proposed schematic model for strategies for HMGB1 inhibition in response to A2E treatment.