Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 2 pp 1545—1562

Antihypertensive medications are associated with the risk of kidney and bladder cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Figure 2. Forest plot of association between using each class of antihypertensive medications and bladder cancer risk: (A) ACEI and bladder cancer risk; (B) ARB and bladder cancer risk; (C) CCB and bladder cancer risk; (D) diuretics and bladder cancer risk.