Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 2 pp 1545—1562

Antihypertensive medications are associated with the risk of kidney and bladder cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Figure 3. Forest plot of association between using each class of antihypertensive medications and kidney cancer risk: (A) ACEI and kidney cancer risk; (B) ARB and kidney cancer risk; (C) BB and kidney cancer risk; (D) CCB and kidney cancer risk; (E) diuretics and kidney cancer risk; (F) any antihypertensive medications and kidney cancer risk.