Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 3 pp 2610—2625

Testicular biopsies microarray analysis reveals circRNAs are involved in the pathogenesis of non-obstructive azoospermia

Figure 3. Confirmation of the six candidate circRNAs by qRT-PCR. All RNAs of 6 NOA and 3 OA patients were included. The experiments were repeated three times. 2-ΔΔCt method was used to measure gene expression. The values are presented as the mean ± SE.