Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 12 pp 11431—11445

Chestnut polysaccharides benefit spermatogenesis through improvement in the expression of important genes

Figure 1. Chestnut polysaccharides (CPs) improved sperm quality. (A) Sperm motility (% of total cells; grade A + grade B). X-axis represents the treatment groups; Y-axis represents sperm motility. Data are represented as mean ± SEM, *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01. (B) Sperm concentration. X-axis represents the treatment groups; Y-axis represents sperm concentration (million/ml). Data are represented as mean ± SEM, *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01. (C) Photos of sperm quality. (D) Histopathology photos of mouse testes.